Passed Ball Vs. Wild Pitch

Passed Ball Vs. Wild Pitch is two occurrences in baseball. Baseball is a game of too many terms. A passed ball and wild Pitch are two of them. A baserunner can move to the next base when an error happens in baseball, even if the batter does not hit the ball. The base runner will run to the next without help from the batter in three possible situations, passed ball and wild pitcher is two of the three.

So, to understand why suddenly the baserunner starts running without the batter hitting the ball, one must understand the terms, and they will find all the necessary information below.

Passed Ball Vs. Wild Pitch


A passed ball and wild Pitch are two terms used in baseball to specify certain situations. For a team, both terms are an error and a way to lose the game. This error is a huge opportunity for the opponent team to increase the score and win the game. It seems that the meaning of the terms is similar, but it’s not. Both are two different terms indicating two different situations in baseball.

The similarity in both terms is that whatever the situation, the advantage of the error will be in the bag of the baserunner. On the contrary, the defense team needs to lose score, sometimes lose the game.

However, the basic difference between these two are,

Wild Pitch Passed Ball
-Pitched balls that are considered a little more “out of the way” for the catcher to catch.



-Scoring a run is considered to be an earned run.


– The wild Pitch is the fault of the pitcher.

-Pitched balls are considered significantly easier to catch or pitched normally for a normal catch.


-Scoring a run is not considered an earned run.


– The passed ball is the fault of the catcher.


Passed Ball Vs. Wild Pitch in terms of definition

While in the game, when the pitcher made a good pitcher, but the catcher missed the catch, it counted as a passed ball. So, to become a passed ball, the pitcher will throw the ball properly, but the fault will be at the catcher who failed to catch the pitcher. It will advantage the opponent’s baserunner to allow him to move into the next base.

For instance, imagine A is a pitcher who is pitching the baseball to battery B, and catcher C is behind the batter to catch the pitcher. Inthe first place, the pitcher throws the ball properly to the batter, and the batter misses the ball, so does the catcher, and the ball goes out of the area. The baserunner took the situation and got an advantage by moving to the next base.

On the other hand, when in the game, a pitcher fails to pitch the ball badly, specifically, if a pitcher while throwing the ball slipped the ball and threw it so poorly over the catcher’s head, it will be considered as the Wild Pitch. The pitcher’s fault is throwing the ball poorly because he slipped the ball or got some other obstacles while throwing the ball that caused him to throw the ball inaccurately.

For example, let’s imagine, A is a pitcher who is pitching the baseball to batter B, and catcher C is behind the batter to catch the pitcher. The batter is in his place to hit the ball, and the catcher is extremely motivated to catch the through. But, inthe first place, pitcher A throws the ball so poorly that it flies right over batter B and catcher C’s head, without giving the opportunity of the batter B to hit and Catcher C to catch. It is a wild pitcher.

Resulting in travel too long, and the baserunner took the opportunity and moved to the next base. So, the passed ball is the fault of the catcher, and the wild pitcher is the fault of the pitcher.

Passed Ball Vs. Wild Pitch in terms of Records

Terms like a passed ball and wild pitcher are common in the league, not in the local tournaments. One will find records of these two terms in many MLB career records. The first time it got certification was in 1763 by Pop Snyder, a catcher atan early age and then a manager, and lastly, an umpire of baseball. After that, the famous baseball hero Rudy Kemmler who was a catcher, set the single-season record of 144 in 1883.

Moreover, the record of passed balls in a single game was set by Rube Vickers in 1902. He was a baseball pitcher. It continued till date and is a big part of the baseball game.

On the other hand, a wild pitcher first gets introduced in baseball history with the highest throw was in 1881. The famous player Tony Mullane threw 343 in that time. With a 13 season career, he still holds the highest threw of the wild pitcher.  The player Nolan Ryan is considered the leader of the modern era in the wild pitches. He throws 277 over in his whole career of 27 years in MLB.

As for the single-season record, Mark Baldwin holds the highest record. He threw 83 wild pitches in the year 1889. The second position in the row is in Tony Mullane and Bill Stemmyer jointly. They have thrown 63 wild pitches in between 1884 to 1886 separately.

The modern-day leader of the single-season wild pitcher in MLB is in the crown of three players. They are Bill Gullickson, Phil Niekro, and J. R. Richard. Three of them are famous American Pitcher in MLB known by every single baseball fan. During their career, they made so many records. The single-season pitcher wild is one of those.

Is passed ball and wild Pitch error in baseball?


Well, the answer will depend on certain situations. In baseball, the pitcher and the catcher mostly handle the ball by throwing and catching. Normally, they get tired after one or two innings. So, it is not a punishable or uncommon phenomenon that they cause passed ball, wild pitcher.

If they are an error, it will depend on the baserunner’s action. Both passed ball and wild pitcher give the liberty to move to the next base to the baserunner. If the baserunner fails to move, it will count as an error. Otherwise, it will not if the baserunner took the initiative to move to the next base. So, a passed ball and a wild pitcher can be an error.

Are the terms passed ball and the wild pitcher is for beginner baseball players?


If one is a beginner, that means that player will involve in the local teams and tournaments. The terms passed ball and wild pitches are common in MLB and not necessarily local games. For a beginner, everything should be simple and short. Because huge and complicated rules will confuse their brain. They must know the basics of the game at first.

With time, while increasing their skill level, they have to increase their knowledge. That time they can learn complicated terms like these. It will be perfect for them to learn about all those when they decide to be professional in the game.

Is passed ball and the wild pitcher is a phenomenon like double in baseball?


A passed ball and wild pitcher are completely different from the double in baseball. Wild pitcher and passed ball bring misfortune to the defender team but fortune to the batting team. On the contrary, a double brings misfortune to the batting team but fortune to the defending team. To get the strategy properly, one has to know about double properly.

So double is a common term that everyone should know. As for the definition of double, one can say it’s a moment when two outs occur on one batted ball.For example, a home player hits the ball, and he starts running. In the meantime, the opposition hit the ground ball to the shortstop, and the player throws it to the second baseman for one out. After that, the ball quickly reaches the first base before the runner for the second out.

Double is a common phenomenon that happens with a most highly ranked player. According to the scenario, a double can occur when,

  1. Line drivers down the first and third baseline.
  2. The ball hits over the outfielder’s head and near the outfield wall.
  3. The ball hits into a gap between the leftfield and centerfielder.

The above discussion already knows that the double is completely different from the passed ball and wild pitcher.



Is double switch effective for preventing passed ball and wild pitcher?


Wild pitcher and passed ball happen mostly when the pitcher and the catcher get tired. Since all the work with the ball is upon the pitcher and catcher, they get tired after sometime, and the passed ball and wild pitcher become common for them.

As we know that the double switch is all about switching two existing players with players from the bench.The manager uses this substation strategy called double switch to move the pitchers to more favorable places in the batting order.

That means new players full of energy minimize the chance of falling into any error in the game. So, one can say that the double switch decreases the chance of a passed ball and a wild pitch happening.



Passed Ball Vs. Wild Pitch is two different terms that indicate two different situations in the baseball game. They indeed result in almost the same thing in the game. But happens for two different reasons. At first, the passed ball occurrence is the miss of the catcher in the game. Meanwhile, the wild pitcher is the misthrow of the pitcher in the game.

However, in both terms, the baserunner gets the benefit. When any situations occur, the baserunner runs to the next base. That means a loss of score in the game for the defending team.

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